Before Conditions
Community Workshop
brick making
Sanitation Block
Opening Celebration

Kibera Public Space
Project 02 (KPSP 02)


Kibera is the largest slum in Nairobi, if not Africa, and is infamous for its scale, location, history, and degraded conditions. Kibera is just four kilometers from downtown Nairobi and occupies a space two-thirds the size of New York City's Central Park. Kibera has no formal trash collection system and limited sanitation facilities. Many residents live on less than USD$1 a day and unemployment and crime rates are high. Land tenure is precarious and housing density leaves little traditional open space for children to play or communities to gather. KDI recognizes that poverty in Kibera involves a complex set of interconnected problems — financial, environmental, physical, political, and social — but also acknowledges Kibera's assets: community activism, informal economies and entrepreneurship.


KPSP 02, the second KDI project site in Kibera, sits along the river that runs through the settlement and is a fifteen-minute walk upstream from KPSP 01. Dense residential units border the available land. The site has been un-buildable because of flooding and erosion and has primarily been used for waste disposal. It is along a major circulation route and had four makeshift toilets that drained directly into the river.

Project Activities

KPSP 02 commenced in the summer of 2010, beginning with a series of community meetings concerning the use of the site as a dumping ground. The first action at the KPSP 02 site was a cleanup involving eighty community members, including fifteen members representing the three organizing community groups. In order to combat flooding, a gabion system was designed and constructed along the riverbanks. The system was designed to also serve as a leisure and recreation area for the space.

Based on the community's prioritized needs, KPSP 02 was designed with more complex buildings including a public sanitation center, a set of kiosks and a playground. The sanitation center and kiosks will provide revenue for ongoing site maintenance. The Riverside Usafi Group – RUG was formed from participating community members to provide site maitenance.

The sanitation center consists of six toilets and four showers, a water tap, connections to Nairobi water and sewer lines and a 10,000-liter water tank. The sanitation center was constructed from soil-stabilized bricks that the community was trained to make and sell to the project. Three kiosks line the main artery road next to the sanitation center. Kiosks will be rented out to local vendors. Finally, a playground was built out of bamboo and locally sourced wood and includes a slide, tire swing and monkey bars.

Economic Development

Two main small businesses were introduced at the site. The brick cooperative making soil-stabilized bricks will continue to make bricks for wholesale. The bricks will also be used to construct additional elements at the site. A women's baking cooperative was also initiated, and their goods will be sold at the new kiosks. Operating funds for maintenance will come from a percentage of the income generated by the sanitation center fees and kiosk rents.

Construction of KPSP 02 was completed in August 2011.


Before Project

Community Discussion

KPSP02 Workshop



Brick Making

Income Generation

Toilet Block

Improved Sanitation


Opening Celebration